New South Wales Australia
Facts & Statistics



  • Area:
  • 801,600 sq kms
  • Relative Size:
  • 10% of the Australian continental landmass.
  • Physical Features:
  • The Coastal Lowlands
  • the tablelands of the Great Dividing Range
  • The western slopes of the Great Dividing Range
  • the Western Plains.
  • Longest river: the Darling -2710 kilometres
  • Tallest Mountain : Mount Kosciusko - 2229 metres
  • Climate:
  • The northern coastal area is sub-tropical with hot humid summers with high rainfall
  • The west is hot and arid
  • Population

  • 6 million people
  • Over 70% of the population live in the greater Sydney area.
  • State Government

  • Parliamentary democracy
  • British Model
  • 4 year term of office
  • Voting is compulsory
  • Voting age is 18
  • Bi-cameral legislature (two houses of parliament)
  • House of Assembly (House of Representatives)
  • Legislative Council (Senate)
  • Head of State - The Governor
    The representative of the Monarch - Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom.
  • Head of Government - The Premier
    Who is the leader of the political party with the majority in the House of Assembly.
  • Responsibilities
    Education, Health (hospitals), Local Government, Law and Order, Environment Protection.
  • NSW Flag

    New South Wales Flag

    • Is based on the British Blue Ensign and dates from 1876. The star badge consists of a golden lion on a red St George's Cross within a white circle.

    Major Cities

    • Sydney, Newcastle, Wollongong


    • Capitalist (based on manufacture, agriculture and minerals)
    • Manufacture: Food , Beverages and Tobacco; Chemicals, Petroleum and Coal, Basic Metal products
    • Mining: >Coal, Copper, Gold, Lead, Mineral Sands, Silver & Zinc.
    • Agriculture: Wheat, Oats, Barley, Cotton, Rice,Grapes,Cattle and Sheep.

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