Australia - Its People, Animals and Places

The Land Called Australia The Great Southern Continent

Map-of-australia-with-states

Australia is located between 10° and 39° South latitude in the Southern Hemisphere in southeast of Asia. It is the world’s smallest continent and its biggest island. It is bounded by the India Ocean on the west, the Timor, Arafura and Coral seas to the north, the Pacific Ocean to the east and the Southern Ocean and Tasman Sea to the southeast.

It is a stable, culturally diverse, western democracy made up of of 6 semi-autonomous states and two territories. It is the 6th largest country and the 12th largest economy in the world. Australia has a multicultural English speaking population of approximately 24.5 million people.

The official name of the country is the Commonwealth of Australia and it is made up of of 6 states and territories. The six states are: Queensland, New South Wales, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria and Western Australia. The two Territories are: Australian Capital Territory and the Northern Territory. Canberra is the capital of Australia.

Related Article: Statistics on Australia


The People of Australia Come from Around the World

The people of Australia are called Australians. Australia has a multicultural population of 24.5 million people. Over 90% of the population is made up of immigrants or the children of immigrants who arrived here during the last two centuries. Almost one in four of Australians alive today was born overseas.

Aborigines arrived about 50,000 years ago.

Europeans arrived only in 1776 (about 240 years ago). Since then migrates from over 200 countries have come and settled here.

Australians speak English. But we have our own special words and phrases referred to as Strine.

Waltzing Matilda is Australia's most famous song and is know by people around the world.

Related Article: People of Australia — We come from all over the world


The Animals and Plants of Australia Australia has 10 per cent of the world's biodiversity

Australia has lots of unusual plants and animals. More than 80% of its flowering plants, mammals, reptiles and frogs are unique to Australia. Nearly 50% of its birds and nearly all of its fresh water fish are found nowhere else in the world.

There more than 140 species of marsupials such as the Kangaroo, Koala and Wombat live in Australia. The egg-laying mammals called monotremes such as the Platypus and Echidna are unique to Australia.

Related Article: Australian Animals — List of Native and Introduced Animals


The Great Barrier Reef The Largest Coral Reef in the World

Australia’s marine environment is home to 4000 species of fish, 1700 species of coral , 50 types of marine mammals and a wide range of sea-birds. About 80 per cent of marine species found in southern Australian waters occur nowhere else in the world. The Great Barrier Reef is the largest coral reef in the world. It is stunning!

Related Article: Great Barrier Reef — Largest Coral Reef in the World


A Note About This Web Site

This web site was originally written in 1997 by Trishan, an eleven year old Australian kid and his dad. Over the ensuring years this site continued to rate very highly in Google searches. We had over 11.3 million visitors. We have now given the site a long overdue face-lift with new video clips (which didn't exist at the time the page was originally written) and lots of additional content. We have, however, maintained some of the "look and feel" of the original website. The large Imap on the top of this page, for example, has been with us since the very beginning. It appeared on the original website and we have retained it. We hope you find our site informative and fun.