Dambulla Cave Temple Sri Lanka
The site of this temple has been inhabited since prehistoric times. It was then inhabited by aesthetic monks who dwelled in the caves there.
The first recorded history of the Dambulla Caves goes back over two thousand years to the time of King Valagama (ruled 103 BC and again 89 BC – 77 BC). The king sort refuge amongst the monks living in these caves when he was ousted from power in 103 BC by South Indian marauders who invaded the country. After a grueling 14 year campaign Valagama finally regained control of his kingdom and in thanksgiving built the original vihara (monastery) on this site. Since then the site has evolved organically into its present state.
The beauty of the cave temple is its setting into five huge caverns high on a mountainside. Inside are 153 Buddha statues in various reposes, three statues of ancient kings, and four other statues including those of Vishnu and Ganesh. The eyes on some of the statues are interesting. The ceiling and walls have been painted and repainted over the centuries by the resident monks and contain some interesting juxtapose of imagery including those of royal life. The modern additions at the base of the hill a bit garish and lack finesse.
Entry Fee: $14 per person (ticket counter located on left at the main building)
Opening Hours: 7:30AM -7:00PM
Visit: 2-3 hours
Since the ancient site is located on a mountainside there is a rather strenuous climb to the top. This is a fully functioning temple. So be respective of the worshipers there. Dress appropriately (see Dress Code below). Photography (no flash) is permitted but don't offend local sensibility by posing with the statues especially with your back turned to them. To do so is considered extremely rude and disrespectful.
Dress Code: As with all religious establishments in Sri Lanka, dress modestly. Wear clothes that cover your shoulders and thighs (knee length). Don't wear hats or caps inside the buildings.
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